In the previous article we had implemented IPSec VPN site-to-site between head office and branch office. Normally as the business grow, there are more branch offices to be created. So, we need to configure another IPSec VPN site-to-site between head office and the new created branch office.
In this article will show how to add more peer to exiting IPSec site-to-site tunnel in head office with the configuration of IPSec site-to-site on branch office on Huawei router AR2220.
In this document, it is assumed that:
a. You already have Huawei router on eSNP up and running. In case that you don’t, please follow this link Huawei Network Device Simulation With eNSP.
b. You need to understand about encryption and authentication that happen at phase 1 and phase 2 of IPSec VPN.
c. You are already have IPSec VPN site-to-site tunnel currently up and running. If you don’t, you may would like to read the previous article about Configuring Site-to-Site IPSec VPN Between Huawei Routers AR2220.
3. Network Diagram and IP Configuration
The following is the network diagram after adding one more new branch office.
Cisco router that locates in new branch office name is “BRRT02”. The following is the IP configuration for each relevant device.
- IP Address: 10.0.3.20/24
- Gateway: 10.0.3.1
] int g0/0/0 undo sh ip add 10.0.3.1 255.255.255.0 ] int g0/0/1 undo sh ip add 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.252
On Internet router
] int g0/0/2 undo sh ip add 220.127.116.11 255.255.255.252
4. IPSec VPN Site-to-Site Form
The following is the information that IPSec VPN site-to-site between head office and new branch office will be used to in the configuration.
|Firewall Type||Headquarter||New Branch Office|
|Model||Router AR2220||Router AR2220|
|Configuration||Headquarter||New Branch Office|
|IKE Encryption Algorithm||3DES||3DES|
|IKE Hash Algorithm||SHA-1||SHA-1|
|IKE Security Lifetime||86400||86400|
|IPSEC security protocol||ESP||ESP|
|IPSEC Encryption Algorithm||3DES||3DES|
|IPSEC Hash Algorithm||MD5||MD5|
|IPSEC Security Lifetime (Optional)||□ 14400 □ 28800 (default) □ 86400 □ Other:……….||□ 14400 □ 28800 (default) □ 86400 □ Other: ……….|
|Perfect Forward Secrecy(PFS) (Optional)||PFS □ No||Group □ 2(default) □ 5 □ 7||PFS □ No||Group □ 2 (default) □ 5 □ 7|
|IP Addressing||Headquarter||New Branch Office|
|Peer IP address||18.104.22.168||22.214.171.124|
|Local IP address||10.0.0.0/24||10.0.3.0/24|
5.1 Configure Default Route
Configure default router on BRRT02 as the following.
] ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 126.96.36.199
Now BRRT02 should be able to ping to public IP address of HQRT02 locates in head office.
]ping 188.8.131.52 PING 184.108.40.206: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break Reply from 220.127.116.11: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=60 ms Reply from 18.104.22.168: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=254 time=50 ms Reply from 22.214.171.124: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=254 time=30 ms Reply from 126.96.36.199: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=254 time=20 ms Reply from 188.8.131.52: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=254 time=30 ms --- 184.108.40.206 ping statistics --- 5 packet(s) transmitted 5 packet(s) received 0.00% packet loss round-trip min/avg/max = 20/38/60 ms
5.2 Set Up IKE Policy
Configure IKE to negotiate an security SA (Security Association) relationship with the peer. It will encrypted communication channels between the two VPN endpoints.
We will use the existing IKE policy on HQRT01 in headquarter router. This IKE policy was configured when we set up IPSec VPN site-to-site to our first branch office.
] dis ike proposal number 1 ------------------------------------------- IKE Proposal: 1 Authentication method : pre-shared Authentication algorithm : SHA1 Encryption algorithm : 3DES-CBC DH group : MODP-1024 SA duration : 86400 PRF : PRF-HMAC-SHA -------------------------------------------
On BRRT02, the new branch office router, we need to apply following commands the to create ISAMKP policy.
] ike proposal 1 authentication-algorithm sha1 encryption-algorithm 3des-cbc dh group2 sa duration 86400
5.3 Create IPSec Proposal
Next we need to create an IPSec proposal to establishes the encryption and authentication for IPSec tunnel. On HQRT01 already have a IPSec proposal name “PS01-3DES-SHA” from the previous configuration, but on the new branch office we want to use different IPSec proposal with the first branch office.
] dis ipsec proposal name PS01-3DES-SHA IPSec proposal name: PS01-3DES-SHA Encapsulation mode: Tunnel Transform : esp-new ESP protocol : Authentication SHA1-HMAC-96 Encryption 3DES
So, let create a new IPSec proposal name “PS02-3DES-MD5” for this new branch as the following.
] ipsec proposal PS02-3DES-DM5 encapsulation-mode tunnel transform esp esp authentication-algorithm md5 esp encryption-algorithm 3des
On BRRT02 apply the follow configuration to create a transform set name “PS01-3DES-MD5”.
] ipsec proposal PS01-3DES-DM5 encapsulation-mode tunnel transform esp esp authentication-algorithm md5 esp encryption-algorithm 3des
5.4 Create ACL For VPN Tunnel
Create the following ACL to much traffic between head office and new branch office.
] acl 3001 rule 10 permit ip source 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255 destination 10.0.3.0 0.0.0.255
] acl 3000 rule 10 permit ip source 10.0.3.0 0.0.0.255 destination 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255
5.5 Create IKE Peer
Now create a IKE peer for IPSec VPN site-to-site connection. Pre-shred key authentication is to be configured here.
Apply the following tunnel group configuration on HQRT01.
] ike peer 220.127.116.11 V1 pre-shared-key cipher vpn@HQ2BR2 remote-address 18.104.22.168 ike-proposal 1
Apply the following tunnel group configuration on BRRT02.
] ike peer 22.214.171.124 V1 pre-shared-key cipher vpn@HQ2BR2 remote-address 126.96.36.199 ike-proposal 1
5.6 Apply Proposal and IKE Peer
The final step is to apply the IPSec proposal and IKE peer to combine IPsec proposal, IKE peer, and access list configured previously for this new VPN peer and apply it to the interface that is connected to the internet.
As on HQRT01 already had an IPSec VPN tunnel in place and already applied to interface G0/0/1 that is connected to the internet, but on Huawei we need to re-apply the policy on the interface. Now we just need to add more peer by increasing the sequence number as the following.
] ipsec policy POLICY1 11 isakmp proposal PS02-3DES-DM5 security acl 3001 ike-peer 188.8.131.52 ] int g0/0/1 undo ipsec policy ipsec policy POLICY
The following are the commands to be executed on BRRT02.
] ipsec policy POLICY1 10 isakmp proposal PS01-3DES-DM5 security acl 3000 ike-peer 184.108.40.206 ] int g0/0/1 ipsec policy POLICY1
5.7 Test and Verify the Configuration
To bring up the IPSec VPN site-to-site tunnel, we need to ping the IP address of the host in the remote site. Let test to ping from PC1 in head office to PC3 in new branch office.
PC>ping 10.0.3.20 Ping 10.0.3.20: 32 data bytes, Press Ctrl_C to break Request timeout! From 10.0.3.20: bytes=32 seq=2 ttl=127 time=31 ms From 10.0.3.20: bytes=32 seq=3 ttl=127 time=47 ms From 10.0.3.20: bytes=32 seq=4 ttl=127 time=31 ms From 10.0.3.20: bytes=32 seq=5 ttl=127 time=31 ms --- 10.0.3.20 ping statistics --- 5 packet(s) transmitted 4 packet(s) received 20.00% packet loss round-trip min/avg/max = 0/35/47 ms
As we are successful to ping IP of host in the local network of the new branch office, the IPSec VPN tunnel should be up and running now. We can verify it with the following command on HQRT01.
] dis ipsec sa peerip 220.127.116.11 =============================== Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/1 Path MTU: 1500 =============================== ----------------------------- IPSec policy name: "POLICY1" Sequence number : 11 Acl Group : 3001 Acl rule : 10 Mode : ISAKMP ----------------------------- Connection ID : 17 Encapsulation mode: Tunnel Tunnel local : 18.104.22.168 Tunnel remote : 22.214.171.124 Flow source : 10.0.0.0/255.255.255.0 0/0 Flow destination : 10.0.3.0/255.255.255.0 0/0 Qos pre-classify : Disable [Outbound ESP SAs] SPI: 2696499338 (0xa0b9508a) Proposal: ESP-ENCRYPT-3DES-192 ESP-AUTH-MD5 SA remaining key duration (bytes/sec): 1887360000/3420 Max sent sequence-number: 5 UDP encapsulation used for NAT traversal: N [Inbound ESP SAs] SPI: 3833351078 (0xe47c4ba6) Proposal: ESP-ENCRYPT-3DES-192 ESP-AUTH-MD5 SA remaining key duration (bytes/sec): 1887436560/3420 Max received sequence-number: 4 Anti-replay window size: 32 UDP encapsulation used for NAT traversal: N
As we can see in the above result, peer IP 126.96.36.199 which is the new branch office is up and running now.
We can verify on BRRT02 as the follow.
]dis ipsec sa peerip 188.8.131.52 =============================== Interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/1 Path MTU: 1500 =============================== ----------------------------- IPSec policy name: "POLICY1" Sequence number : 10 Acl Group : 3000 Acl rule : 10 Mode : ISAKMP ----------------------------- Connection ID : 3 Encapsulation mode: Tunnel Tunnel local : 184.108.40.206 Tunnel remote : 220.127.116.11 Flow source : 10.0.3.0/255.255.255.0 0/0 Flow destination : 10.0.0.0/255.255.255.0 0/0 Qos pre-classify : Disable [Outbound ESP SAs] SPI: 3833351078 (0xe47c4ba6) Proposal: ESP-ENCRYPT-3DES-192 ESP-AUTH-MD5 SA remaining key duration (bytes/sec): 1887375360/3332 Max sent sequence-number: 4 UDP encapsulation used for NAT traversal: N [Inbound ESP SAs] SPI: 2696499338 (0xa0b9508a) Proposal: ESP-ENCRYPT-3DES-192 ESP-AUTH-MD5 SA remaining key duration (bytes/sec): 1887436500/3332 Max received sequence-number: 5 Anti-replay window size: 32 UDP encapsulation used for NAT traversal: N
Now you should know about how to and add more peer to existing IPSec VPN site-to-site tunnel on Huawei router AR2220. To improve your confidence, it is recommended that you practice it on Huawei eNSP. If you have any questions or suggestions you can always leave your comments below. I will try all of my best to review and reply them.